Contract Law Revision

CONTRACT LAW

Shaking hands, agreement in contract law

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Contract Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of contract law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Contract Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.

 

1 / 50

For the purposes of the defence of duress, what factors are relevant to whether the innocent party has a practical choice? (Three answers)

2 / 50

Complete this sentence: The defence of duress to the person renders the contract...

3 / 50

When will the breach of an innominate term entitle the innocent party to terminate the contract?

4 / 50

If the written contract contains a 'no oral variation' clause, in what circumstances can the contract be altered by oral statements?

5 / 50

Can undue influence be demonstrated in cases where the parties had no relationship prior to the transaction?

6 / 50

Complete this sentence: The defence of illegality renders the contract...

7 / 50

Does promissory estoppel permanently extinguish the claimant's rights?

8 / 50

What is the default measure of damages in contract?

9 / 50

In what two scenarios is a loss sufficiently non-remote to be recovered in an action for breach of contract?

10 / 50

Where a third party has a claim under the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, can a party to the contract sue for damages incurred by the third party?

11 / 50

What are the 'trio of considerations' when establishing the defence of illegality?

12 / 50

What are the two requirements of the defence of misrepresentation?

13 / 50

Rod advertises on a website saying he is looking to pay someone to look after his hamster for the weekend. Rosie responds, asking if they can meet up to negotiate terms. The two meet up and reach a written agreement, but the document states that it is 'subject to contract'. Is this agreement a valid contract?

 

14 / 50

Laura contracts Stephen to personally ghost-write her memoirs. Since Stephen knows her best, it is not possible for Laura to obtain another person to write the book. The relationship falls apart and Stephen refuses to write the book. Can Laura obtain an order for specific performance?

 

15 / 50

At common law, can a third-party who did not provide consideration for a contract rely on the terms of that contract?

16 / 50

When are damages available for innocent misrepresentation?

17 / 50

Joanie has established that a neighbour of hers, Richard, pressured her into selling her house to him. To establish undue influence, what does she need to do to show that the influence was undue?

18 / 50

For the purposes of the defence of economic duress, can a lawful threat be illegitimate?

 

19 / 50

Kefka hires Lenne as an employee to help manage her business. The employment contract includes a clause stating that any breach of contract claim against Kefka may not include a claim for an injunction. Is this clause subject to the requirement of reasonableness under the Unfair Contract Clause Act 1977?

20 / 50

How can an offeror validly withdraw their offer?

21 / 50

When will an injunction be refused despite the relevant test being met? (Three answers)

22 / 50

Specific proof is required to demonstrate intention to be legally bound where the parties have a business or commercial relationship. True or false?

 

23 / 50

Which four factors indicate that a court should not imply a term in law?

24 / 50

On Saturday, Roger offers to sell Tyrone a car. He asks him to respond by next Thursday if he accepts. Tyrone sends Roger a letter by post on Monday agreeing to the deal, but it does not arrive until Friday. Has Tyrone accepted the offer?

 

25 / 50

Hannah is applying for a loan for the family business. Her girlfriend Celestine tells the bank that she will act as surety for the loan. The money is to be advanced to a company which Hannah and Celestine hold joint shares in. The bank is aware that Celestine is Hannah's girlfriend and that she has shares in the company, but they are not aware that Hannah has unduly influenced Celestine. They grant the loan. Can Celestine rely on the defence of undue influence against the bank?

26 / 50

The parties agree to a contract which makes provision for what will happen if a particular event happens. That event happens, and makes the contract impossible to perform. Does the defence of frustration apply?

 

27 / 50

When the courts imply a term in law, they are seeking to give effect to the parties' intentions. True or false?

 

28 / 50

Which four of the following scenarios normally involve an invitation to treat and not an offer?

29 / 50

If the innocent party terminates the contract in response to a breach, this renders the contract void. True or false?

 

30 / 50

Kefka hires Lenne as an employee to help manage her business. The employment contract includes a clause stating that any breach of contract claim against Kefka may not make use of any confidential information acquired in the course of Lenne's employment as evidence. Is this clause subject to the requirement of reasonableness under the Unfair Contract Clause Act 1977?

31 / 50

When are damages in deceit available for a misrepresentation?

32 / 50

Alfred contracts with Zin to help deal with the communications side of his business. The contract between them states that Zin is not liable for damages resulting from her handling of messages 'howsoever caused'. Will the courts interpret this wording as wide enough to potentially cover negligence?

 

33 / 50

A person enters into a contract to sell a car, and later discovers the contract is voidable. However, before they can end the contract, they discover that the car has been sold to a third-party who was unaware of the defect in title. Can the contract be voided?

 

34 / 50

Annabelle tells the swim team she is coaching that she will give £500 to the first member of the team that swims the English Channel. Ricardo, one of the team members, is not present. The next day he decides to swim the English Channel for fun, not knowing about Annabelle's offer. If he completes the challenge, is Annabelle bound to pay him the money?

 

35 / 50

In promissory estoppel, what three factors are relevant when determining whether it would be inequitable to renege on a promise?

36 / 50

If a third party has gained the right to rely on a contract's terms under the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, when do the original parties require their consent to vary or terminate the contract?

37 / 50

Frederick is Manuel's employee. One day, Frederick is told by Manuel that he needs him to take on some work which goes beyond his employment duties. Frederick is reluctant, but Manuel tells him that if he does it, Manuel will pay Frederick double. Frederick accepts. Has Frederick provided consideration for the extra payment?

 

38 / 50

If the literal wording of an express term does not make commercial sense, the courts will intervene to make it more commercially efficient. True or false?

 

39 / 50

Complete this sentence: The defence of misrepresentation renders the contract...

40 / 50

For the purposes of unilateral mistake, when is a term 'vital' to the contract?

41 / 50

What is the doctrine of contra proferentem?

42 / 50

Complete this sentence: The defence of mistake renders the contract...

43 / 50

Laura contracts Stephen to arrange for someone to ghost-write her memoirs. For various reasons, it is not possible for Laura to obtain another person to do this. The relationship falls apart and Stephen refuses to perform. Writing the book in accordance with the contract would take time and require supervision. Can Laura obtain an order for specific performance?

 

44 / 50

When should the doctrine of contra proferentem apply?

45 / 50

When establishing the defence of undue influence, how does the claimant demonstrate actual influence?

46 / 50

Is it a failure to mitigate to refuse to terminate a contract in response to a repudiatory breach, where this refusal leads to further loss?

47 / 50

When is specific performance available as a remedy to a breach of contract?

48 / 50

The defence of frustration renders a contract voidable. True or false?

 

49 / 50

How do the courts determine the meaning of an express term of the contract?

50 / 50

If a contract is void ab initio, can either party rely on its terms?

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Contract Mind Maps

Contract mind map green and black
Contract mind map grey
Contract mind map blue and pink

If you are a visual learner, these free printable mind-maps are a great way of learning and remembering the key principles of contract. They are available with or without cases. If you want them on a poster in large sizes, you can also purchase these online at the official Ipsa Loquitur Zazzle store.