Contract Law Revision

CONTRACT LAW

Shaking hands, agreement in contract law

0%

Contract Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of contract law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Contract Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.

 

1 / 50

Pierre agrees to buy a priceless painting from Sophie to display in his house, for several million pounds. He does not intend to pay. Sophie is now saying that she will refuse to hand over the painting. Can Pierre obtain an order for specific performance?

 

2 / 50

In what circumstances will the original parties no longer need to acquire the consent of the third party who has a right to sue under the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 to vary or terminate the contract?

3 / 50

A person enters into a contract to sell a car, and later discovers the contract is voidable. However, before they can end the contract, they discover that the car has been sold to a third-party who was unaware of the defect in title. Can the contract be voided?

 

4 / 50

How can an offeror validly withdraw their offer?

5 / 50

The parties have reached an agreement, but have not agreed on an important term such as the price. Is the contract void for uncertainty?

6 / 50

For the purposes of the defence of economic duress, can a lawful threat be illegitimate?

 

7 / 50

If the literal wording of an express term does not make commercial sense, the courts will intervene to make it more commercially efficient. True or false?

 

8 / 50

What are the elements for determining whether a prohibitory injunction should be granted? (Three answers)

9 / 50

If a party to a contract makes objectively clear that they intend to breach the contract, when does the innocent party gain the right to a remedy?

10 / 50

Stephen is struggling to find a venue for his up-coming book signing. Jameel decides to help him on his own initiative. Jameel finds the perfect place, and out of gratitude Stephen offers to give him £100 as a reward. He later changes his mind. Is Stephen bound to pay the money?

 

11 / 50

When will the defence of illegality bar a claim?

12 / 50

Can the innocent party prove that a misrepresentation caused them to enter the contract if they had the opportunity to verify the statement, but did not?

 

13 / 50

For the purposes of demonstrating consideration under the rule in Williams v Roffey Bros, which of the following constitute a practical benefit?

14 / 50

In which two scenarios can a person rely on the defence of undue influence against a third-party?

15 / 50

ABC Bank is advancing money to a debtor. An individual tells the bank that they wish to act as a guarantor or surety for that debt. The debtor has unduly influenced this individual. When is the bank taken to have constructive notice of the presence of undue influence in the transaction?

16 / 50

If a contract is void ab initio, can either party rely on its terms?

17 / 50

If the written contract contains a 'no oral variation' clause, in what circumstances can the contract be altered by oral statements?

18 / 50

Alice contracts Bill to install new fans in her restaurant. Bill completes the work late, causing Alice considerable stress. Can Alice recover damages for her stress?

 

19 / 50

Annabelle tells the swim team she is coaching that she will give £500 to the first member of the team that swims the English Channel. Ricardo, one of the team members, is not present. The next day he decides to swim the English Channel for fun, not knowing about Annabelle's offer. If he completes the challenge, is Annabelle bound to pay him the money?

 

20 / 50

When establishing the defence of undue influence, how does the claimant demonstrate 'Type 2B' presumed influence?

21 / 50

Phil makes a contract with Ingrid for his old shed to be torn down in exchange for £200. His next-door neighbour Andrew, who thinks the shed is an eye-sore, says he will pay Ingrid an extra £100 for taking down Phil's shed. Ingrid accepts and takes down the shed. Has Ingrid provided consideration for Andrew's promise?

22 / 50

Does a defence of duress to property exist?

 

23 / 50

Joanie has established that a neighbour of hers, Richard, pressured her into selling her house to him. To establish undue influence, what does she need to do to show that the influence was undue?

24 / 50

Hannah is applying for a loan for the family business. Her girlfriend Celestine tells the bank that she will act as surety for the loan. The money is to be advanced to a company which Hannah and Celestine hold joint shares in. The bank is aware that Celestine is Hannah's girlfriend and that she has shares in the company, but they are not aware that Hannah has unduly influenced Celestine. They grant the loan. Can Celestine rely on the defence of undue influence against the bank?

25 / 50

A claimant suing for breach of contract can claim both the market difference measure and the reliance loss measure at the same time. True or false?

 

26 / 50

Specific proof is required to demonstrate intention to be legally bound where the parties have a family or social relationship. True or false?

 

27 / 50

When establishing the defence of undue influence, how does the claimant demonstrate 'Type 2A' presumed influence?

28 / 50

What are the 'trio of considerations' when establishing the defence of illegality?

29 / 50

What are the elements for determining whether a mandatory injunction should be granted? (Four answers)

30 / 50

Promissory estoppel can be used to sue for damages or the recovery of payments where a party to a contract reneges on a promise not to enforce terms of the contract. True or false?

 

31 / 50

Emmy purchases a new fish tank filter from Lee. The filter is defective, and it shuts down. Emmy's incredibly rare and expensive fish die as a result. Lee argues that he should not be liable as it was unforeseeable that the breach would cause such a high degree of loss. Is he correct?

 

32 / 50

Specific proof is required to demonstrate intention to be legally bound where the parties have a business or commercial relationship. True or false?

 

33 / 50

Pierre agrees to rent a priceless painting from Sophie to display in his house, on condition that he first pay a deposit of several million. He has yet to pay the deposit. Sophie is now saying that she will refuse to hand over the painting. Can Pierre obtain an order for specific performance?

 

34 / 50

The courts may imply terms in law into custom, specialised contracts. True or false?

 

35 / 50

When can a claimant obtain a consumer surplus award of damages?

36 / 50

Annabelle tells the swim team she is coaching that she will give £500 to the first of them that swims the English Channel. Ricardo begins swimming the English Channel the next day, but before he can finish Annabelle changes her mind and says she will not pay. Has Annabelle revoked her unilateral offer?

 

37 / 50

Anderson purchases a train ride from Smith. Just before the contract is formed, Smith issues Anderson a receipt and a ticket, both of which have an exclusion clause on the front in large, bold letters. Anderson is not aware of there being any exclusion clause because he does not read either document. Is the exclusion clause part of the contract?

38 / 50

Frederick is Manuel's employee. One day, Frederick is told by Manuel that he needs him to take on some work which goes beyond his employment duties. Frederick is reluctant, but Manuel tells him that if he does it, Manuel will pay Frederick double. Frederick accepts. Has Frederick provided consideration for the extra payment?

 

39 / 50

If the innocent party terminates the contract in response to a breach, this renders the contract void. True or false?

 

40 / 50

Rod advertises on a website saying he is looking to pay someone to look after his hamster for the weekend. Rosie responds, asking if they can meet up to negotiate terms. The two meet up and reach a written agreement, but the document states that it is 'subject to contract'. Is this agreement a valid contract?

 

41 / 50

When are damages considered inadequate for the purposes of obtaining specific performance as a remedy? (Two answers)

42 / 50

Jubedul lets his office know that he is selling his pet cat Bianca for £50, and that if anyone would like to buy her they should let him know. Liz, his co-worker, sends him a letter containing £50, saying that she will buy Bianca. However, she puts the wrong address on the envelope and the letter never arrives. Has Liz accepted Jubedul's offer?

 

43 / 50

A person enters into a contract to sell a car, and later discovers the contract is voidable. However, before they can end the contract, they discover that the car has been destroyed. Can the contract be voided?

 

44 / 50

What two conditions must be met before a transaction is void for unilateral mistake?

45 / 50

Marty purchases a package holiday from his friend Emmett. Emmett states that the contract will be agreed on his standard terms, and hands Marty a copy of these terms for him to read. On the front page, in large font and bold red letters, is an exclusion clause. Marty pretends to read it, but because he is illiterate, he does not understand any of it. Emmett does not know Marty is illiterate. Marty agrees to contract on the those terms. Has Emmett taken reasonable steps to give notice to Marty?

 

46 / 50

What four factors indicate that family members or friends intended to be legally bound by their agreements?

47 / 50

When will the breach of an innominate term entitle the innocent party to terminate the contract?

48 / 50

The defence of frustration renders a contract void. True or false?

 

49 / 50

Anderson purchases a train ride from Smith. Just before the contract is formed, Smith issues Anderson a receipt and a ticket, both of which have an exclusion clause on the back. Smith asks Anderson to sign the back of the receipt and ticket, and Anderson does so without reading either document or noticing the exclusion clause. Is the exclusion clause part of the contract?

50 / 50

When the courts imply a term in law, they are seeking to give effect to the parties' intentions. True or false?

 

Your score is