Contract Law Revision

CONTRACT LAW

Shaking hands, agreement in contract law

0%

Contract Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of contract law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Contract Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.

 

1 / 50

Laura contracts Stephen to personally ghost-write her memoirs. Since Stephen knows her best, it is not possible for Laura to obtain another person to write the book. The relationship falls apart and Stephen refuses to write the book. Can Laura obtain an order for specific performance?

 

2 / 50

Annabelle tells the swim team she is coaching that she will give £500 to the first member of the team that swims the English Channel. Ricardo, one of the team members, is not present. The next day he decides to swim the English Channel for fun, not knowing about Annabelle's offer. If he completes the challenge, is Annabelle bound to pay him the money?

 

3 / 50

What is the parol evidence rule?

4 / 50

Phil makes a contract with Ingrid for his old shed to be torn down in exchange for £200. His next-door neighbour Andrew, who thinks the shed is an eye-sore, says he will pay Ingrid an extra £100 for taking down Phil's shed. Ingrid accepts and takes down the shed. Has Ingrid provided consideration for Andrew's promise?

5 / 50

Under the Consumer Rights Act 2015, when is a clause 'in good faith'?

6 / 50

When will an injunction be refused despite the relevant test being met? (Three answers)

7 / 50

Maisy enters into a contract with a man falsely claiming to be her long-lost cousin, John, while they are catching up at a restaurant. Maisy later seeks to argue that she should not be bound by the contract, because she would not have entered into the contract had she known the man was not John. Is the man's identity a vital term of the contract?

8 / 50

When is an existing contract discharged? (Three answers)

9 / 50

How do the courts determine the meaning of an express term of the contract?

10 / 50

Is it a failure to mitigate to refuse to terminate a contract in response to a repudiatory breach, where this refusal leads to further loss?

11 / 50

Does the claimant need to establish that but for the threat, they would not have entered into the contract if they are trying to prove duress to the person?

 

12 / 50

Complete this sentence: The defence of mistake renders the contract...

13 / 50

For an exclusion or limitation clause to be incorporated into a contract at common law, when must reasonable notice of the clause be given to the other party?

14 / 50

Alice contracts Bill to install new fans in her restaurant. Bill completes the work defectively, causing a fan to fall on Alice's head. She suffers a brain injury and develops depression as a result. Can Alice recover damages for her mental illness and emotional distress?

 

15 / 50

Dennis owes Maureen £1000. He asks her if she will discharge the debt if he gives her his car, which is worth £800. Maureen agrees because she loves the car. Has Dennis provided consideration for Maureen's promise to discharge the debt?

16 / 50

When determining if the defence of misrepresentation applies, the courts will presume, in the absence of contrary evidence, that the claimant relied on the statement if a reasonable person would have relied on it. True or false?

 

17 / 50

For an exclusion or limitation clause to be incorporated into a contract by notice, the party relying on the term must have actually made the other party aware of it. True or false?

 

18 / 50

When should the doctrine of contra proferentem apply?

19 / 50

The parties have reached an agreement, but have not agreed on an important term such as the price. Is the contract void for uncertainty?

20 / 50

When will the courts imply a customary term into a contract?

21 / 50

Anderson purchases a train ride from Smith. Just before the contract is formed, Smith issues Anderson a receipt and a ticket, both of which have an exclusion clause on the front in large, bold letters. Anderson is not aware of there being any exclusion clause because he does not read either document. Is the exclusion clause part of the contract?

22 / 50

The defence of frustration renders a contract voidable. True or false?

 

23 / 50

Dennis owes Maureen £1000. Dennis asks Maureen if she will discharge the debt if his sister Dee pays her £600. Maureen agrees. Has Dennis provided consideration for Maureen's promise to discharge the debt?

24 / 50

When can an offer be revoked?

25 / 50

On Saturday, Roger offers to sell Tyrone a car. He asks him to respond by next Thursday if he accepts. Tyrone sends Roger a letter by post on Monday agreeing to the deal, but it does not arrive until Friday. Has Tyrone accepted the offer?

 

26 / 50

A party to the contract purports to terminate the contract because of the defendant's breach. They give an invalid reason for terminating, but unbeknownst to them, the defendant has committed some other breach which entitles the innocent party to terminate. Is the innocent party in repudiatory breach because of their actions?

27 / 50

In which three scenarios must an exclusion or limitation clause satisfy the requirement of reasonableness under the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 before it can be enforced?

28 / 50

If a contract is voidable, can either party rely on its terms?

29 / 50

On Saturday, Roger offers to sell Tyrone a car. He asks him to respond by next Thursday if he accepts. Tyrone sends Roger a letter by post on Monday agreeing to the deal, but it is lost in the post and never arrives. Has Tyrone accepted the offer?

 

30 / 50

Under the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, in what two scenarios can a third-party to a contract enforce the terms of that contract?

31 / 50

When establishing the defence of undue influence, how does the claimant demonstrate actual influence?

32 / 50

What four factors indicate that family members or friends intended to be legally bound by their agreements?

33 / 50

The parties agree to a contract which makes provision for what will happen if a particular event happens. That event happens, and makes the contract impossible to perform. Does the defence of frustration apply?

 

34 / 50

The parties in a case reached an agreement for the claimant to do some work, but that agreement was stated to be subject to contract. Despite a written contract never being signed, the parties have begun performing as if there were a contract. Do the terms of the 'subject to contract' agreement apply?

35 / 50

What factors are relevant to whether the defence of illegality is established? (Four answers)

36 / 50

Joanie has established that a neighbour of hers, Richard, pressured her into selling her house to him. To establish undue influence, what does she need to do to show that the influence was undue?

37 / 50

David offers to sell Mary a house, representing that it has a conservatory. Mary relies on this representation when deciding to buy the house. Prior to the sale, there is a fire, and the conservatory burns down. David does not tell Mary. Can Mary rely on the defence of misrepresentation?

 

38 / 50

Julie is applying for an overdraft on a joint account controlled by herself and her husband Johan at ABC Bank. Her husband Johan offers to act as surety. The bank is unaware of the fact that Johan has been unduly influenced by Julie, but knows that the two are married. The overdraft is granted. Does the bank have constructive notice of the undue influence?

 

39 / 50

A person enters into a contract to sell a car, and later discovers the contract is voidable. However, before they can end the contract, they discover that the car has been sold to a third-party who was unaware of the defect in title. Can the contract be voided?

 

40 / 50

What two conditions must be met before a transaction is void for unilateral mistake?

41 / 50

What three elements must an innocent party show to establish the defence of economic duress?

42 / 50

When is the hypothetical fee measure of damages available in contract?

43 / 50

Annabelle tells the swim team she is coaching that she will give £500 to the first of them that swims the English Channel. Ricardo swims the English Channel the next day, and then calls Annabelle asking for the money. Is Annabelle obliged to pay him?

 

44 / 50

Pierre agrees to buy a priceless painting from Sophie to display in his house, for several million pounds. He does not intend to pay. Sophie is now saying that she will refuse to hand over the painting. Can Pierre obtain an order for specific performance?

 

45 / 50

Which three factors indicate that a court should not imply a term in fact?

46 / 50

Can the innocent party prove that a misrepresentation caused them to enter the contract if they used their own resources to verify whether the statement was true?

 

47 / 50

Dennis owes Maureen £1000. He asks her if she will discharge the debt if he pays her £500. Maureen agrees, because she needs the money to avoid being liable to a third-party and therefore thinks the arrangement is practically beneficial. Has Dennis provided consideration for Maureen's promise to accept the lesser amount?

48 / 50

What is the default measure of damages in contract?

49 / 50

When can a claimant obtain a consumer surplus award of damages?

50 / 50

What two conditions must be met for an agreement to be sufficiently certain to form a contract?

Your score is