Contract Law Revision

CONTRACT LAW

Shaking hands, agreement in contract law

0%

Contract Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of contract law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Contract Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.

 

1 / 50

What are the elements for determining whether a mandatory injunction should be granted? (Four answers)

2 / 50

When is an existing contract discharged? (Three answers)

3 / 50

When establishing the defence of undue influence, how does the claimant demonstrate 'Type 2B' presumed influence?

4 / 50

What are the 'trio of considerations' when establishing the defence of illegality?

5 / 50

Pierre agrees to buy a priceless painting from Sophie to display in his house, for several million pounds. He does not intend to pay. Sophie is now saying that she will refuse to hand over the painting. Can Pierre obtain an order for specific performance?

 

6 / 50

The defence of frustration renders a contract void. True or false?

 

7 / 50

For the purposes of the defence of unilateral mistake, when can a term as to the quality of the goods be considered 'vital'?

8 / 50

Specific proof is required to demonstrate intention to be legally bound where the parties have a business or commercial relationship. True or false?

 

9 / 50

Complete this sentence: The defence of economic duress renders the contract...

10 / 50

In which three scenarios must an exclusion or limitation clause satisfy the requirement of reasonableness under the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 before it can be enforced?

11 / 50

In what two scenarios are the courts likely to refuse to rescind a contract which has been rendered voidable by misrepresentation?

12 / 50

A person enters into a contract to sell a car, and later discovers the contract is voidable. However, before they can end the contract, they discover that the car has been sold to a third-party who was unaware of the defect in title. Can the contract be voided?

 

13 / 50

If a contract is voidable, can either party rely on its terms?

14 / 50

What is the purpose of general contract damages?

15 / 50

Anderson purchases a train ride from Smith. Just before the contract is formed, Smith issues Anderson a receipt and a ticket, both of which have an exclusion clause on the front in large, bold letters. Anderson is not aware of there being any exclusion clause because he does not read either document. Is the exclusion clause part of the contract?

16 / 50

What is the doctrine of contra proferentem?

17 / 50

Which three factors indicate that a court should not imply a term in fact?

18 / 50

Annabelle tells the swim team she is coaching that she will give £500 to the first of them that swims the English Channel. Ricardo swims the English Channel the next day, and then calls Annabelle asking for the money. Is Annabelle obliged to pay him?

 

19 / 50

In which of the three following circumstances would the defence of common mistake apply?

20 / 50

Kefka hires Lenne as an employee to help manage her business. The employment contract includes a clause stating that any breach of contract claim against Kefka may not make use of any confidential information acquired in the course of Lenne's employment as evidence. Is this clause subject to the requirement of reasonableness under the Unfair Contract Clause Act 1977?

21 / 50

When is an exclusion or limitation clause unfair under the Consumer Rights Act 2015?

22 / 50

What is the default measure of damages in contract?

23 / 50

How can an offeror validly withdraw their offer?

24 / 50

A person enters into a contract to sell a car, and later discovers the contract is voidable. However, before they can end the contract, they discover that the car has been destroyed. Can the contract be voided?

 

25 / 50

When can an offer be revoked?

26 / 50

Micah contracts with John for a package holiday. In breach of contract, John fails to make the appropriate reservations, leaving Micah stranded abroad without a hotel for several days. Micah suffers a severe stress reaction as a result. Can Micah recover damages for her emotional distress?

 

27 / 50

The parties in a case reached an agreement for the claimant to do some work, but that agreement was stated to be subject to contract. Despite a written contract never being signed, the parties have begun performing as if there were a contract. Do the terms of the 'subject to contract' agreement apply?

28 / 50

If a third party has gained the right to rely on a contract's terms under the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, when do the original parties require their consent to vary or terminate the contract?

29 / 50

When establishing the defence of undue influence, how does the claimant demonstrate the category of presumed influence established in Malik (Deceased) v Shiekh?

30 / 50

Alfred contracts with Zin to help deal with the communications side of his business. The contract between them states that Zin is not liable for damages resulting from her handling of messages 'howsoever caused'. Will the courts interpret this wording as wide enough to potentially cover negligence?

 

31 / 50

For an exclusion or limitation clause to be incorporated into a contract at common law, when must reasonable notice of the clause be given to the other party?

32 / 50

Sophie hires Anne to install a storm drainage system in her garden. Anne's work is defective, meaning that it does not drain water properly. That summer, an unexpected storm hits and causes considerable water damage to Sophie's garden. The storm was not forecast, and is described in the media as a 'freak' occurrence. Anne argues that the storm was an unforeseeable act of nature, meaning that her breach did not cause Sophie's loss. Is Anne correct?

33 / 50

Anderson purchases a train ride from Smith. Just before the contract is formed, Smith issues Anderson a receipt and a ticket, both of which have an exclusion clause on the back. Smith asks Anderson to sign the back of the receipt and ticket, and Anderson does so without reading either document or noticing the exclusion clause. Is the exclusion clause part of the contract?

34 / 50

For the purposes of the defence of economic duress, can a lawful threat be illegitimate?

 

35 / 50

When will the courts imply a term into a contract in fact? (Two answers)

36 / 50

For the purposes of the defence of duress, what factors are relevant to whether the innocent party has a practical choice? (Three answers)

37 / 50

Stephen asks Jameel to help him find a venue for his up-coming book signing. Jameel finds the perfect place, and out of gratitude Stephen offers to give him £100 as a reward. He later changes his mind. Is Stephen bound to pay the money?

 

38 / 50

Joanie has established a presumption that her lawyer, Richard, influenced her when she sold her house to him. To establish undue influence, what does she need to do to show that the influence was undue?

39 / 50

Under the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999, in what two scenarios can a third-party to a contract enforce the terms of that contract?

40 / 50

David induces Mary to enter into a contract to buy a car by promising that he will service the car before he gives it to her. He has no intention of doing so. Is this an actionable misrepresentation?

 

41 / 50

If the innocent party terminates the contract in response to a breach, this renders the contract void. True or false?

 

42 / 50

Can the innocent party prove that a misrepresentation caused them to enter the contract if they had the opportunity to verify the statement, but did not?

 

43 / 50

Arthur contracts for a private car from Celestine, stressing that he needs to arrive before three o'clock. He does not explain the reason why, which is that if he is late he will miss a meeting with an important client and lose a valuable deal. Celestine drives painfully slowly and does not get Arthur to his destination on time. Arthur loses the deal. Can Arthur recover damages for the lost contract?

 

44 / 50

When are damages considered inadequate for the purposes of obtaining specific performance as a remedy? (Two answers)

45 / 50

Celestine is an elderly woman whose eye-sight is failing. Her niece, Laura, persuades her to sign a document claiming that it will authorise Laura to remove £50 for Celestine's bank account to enable her to pay Celestine's bills. In reality, it is a contract transferring Celestine's house to Laura. Celestine did not bother to read it as she trusts Laura (who has helped her out with bills before) and her eyesight makes reading very difficult. Can Celestine rely on the defence of non es factum?

 

46 / 50

When are damages in deceit available for a misrepresentation?

47 / 50

Kayleigh offers to sell Tom a crate of tomatoes. She asks him to respond by telephone if he accepts. Tom sends Kayleigh a letter accepting the tomatoes. Is this a valid acceptance?

 

48 / 50

Maisy enters into a contract with a man falsely claiming to be her long-lost cousin, John, while they are catching up at a restaurant. Maisy later seeks to argue that she should not be bound by the contract, because she would not have entered into the contract had she known the man was not John. Is the man's identity a vital term of the contract?

49 / 50

Complete this sentence: The defence of mistake renders the contract...

50 / 50

Katie and Andrew enter into a contract which states that Andrew will deliver Thompson apples to Katie. The parties are not aware that there are actually two kinds of Thompson apples - Virginia Thompson apples and Alabama Thompson apples. The two types of apple taste very different and have very different uses. Andrew intends to ship Virginia Thompson apples, while Katie is expecting to receive Alabama Thompson apples. Is the contract void for mutual mistake?

Your score is


Contract Mind Maps

Contract mind map green and black
Contract mind map grey
Contract mind map blue and pink

If you are a visual learner, these free printable mind-maps are a great way of learning and remembering the key principles of contract. They are available with or without cases. If you want them on a poster in large sizes, you can also purchase these online at the official Ipsa Loquitur Zazzle store.