Criminal Law Revision

CRIMINAL LAW

Criminal law revision, prison bars

Condition Defences

Insanity

Automatism

Other Defences

Infancy


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Criminal Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of criminal law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Criminal Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.

 

1 / 50

Is the defence of necessity available to an offence of strict liability?

 

2 / 50

In which three circumstances specified by the Theft Act 1968 will a defendant not be considered dishonest?

3 / 50

Which of the following three scenarios cannot constitute an assault?

4 / 50

Which two are qualifying triggers for the loss of control defence?

5 / 50

Can the defence of self-defence be relied on if the defendant provoked the victim to attack?

6 / 50

Harley has vaginal sex with Arthur. She knows that he is not consenting. Which offence has Harley committed?

 

7 / 50

Theresa enters Richard's house, intending to steal his jewellery. Once inside, she encounters Richard, and panics, picking up a nearby knife. Should Theresa be charged with ordinary burglary or aggravated burglary?

8 / 50

Josephine commits a crime involuntarily because of a hypoglycemic episode. Which defence would you advise her to rely on?

9 / 50

For the purposes of the fraud offence, when is a statement false?

10 / 50

When is a defendant reckless as to a consequence happening or a circumstance existing?

11 / 50

In which two scenarios will an act of the victim in bringing about a proscribed consequence break the chain of causation between the defendant's acts or omissions and the consequence?

12 / 50

If the defendant does the actus reus against one person, but had the mens rea with respect to another person, is this sufficient to show an offence?

 

13 / 50

Camilla is fed up with her partner, Adrian. She deliberately winds them up to let off some steam. She knows there is a risk that Adrian will become seriously violent if she does this, but is past the point of caring. When Adrian becomes violent, Camilla draws a knife and stabs them. Does Camilla have a qualifying trigger for when she tries to establish the defence of loss of control?

 

14 / 50

Omar takes prescription medicine for depression. One day, he has a rare reaction to the medicine which causes him to involuntarily commit a criminal offence. The prosecution argue that he cannot rely on the defence of automatism, because he voluntarily took the medicine which caused the automatism. Will this argument succeed?

 

15 / 50

What additional element must the prosecution show to establish aggravated burglary (as opposed to normal burglary)?

16 / 50

Alfred is a doctor treating Zin, a comatose patient. He turns off her life support machine, and she dies due an inability to breathe unassisted. Has Alfred killed Zin by an act or an omission?

17 / 50

Harley has a psychotic disorder, which leads her to believe that Arthur was awake and asked her to have sex with him. In reality, Arthur is unconscious and did not consent. When charged under section 4 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003, Harley argues that she had a reasonable belief in consent. Can her mental disorder be taken into account?

 

18 / 50

What is the age of criminal responsibility in England and Wales?

19 / 50

The prosecution is seeking to establish the offence of burglary. For the purposes of showing that the defendant entered the building, the prosecution must show that the defendant was sufficiently within the building to commit the offence. True or false?

 

20 / 50

Yulia shoots Mia in the abdomen, causing Mia to miscarry her child. Yulia intended to kill Mia. Has Yulia committed murder against the baby?

 

21 / 50

Celestine is a school nurse. Mark, a seventeen-year-old, is brought in with a suspected case of tonsillitis. Mark is sulking, so he refuses to let Celestine have a look inside his mouth. She threatens to 'belt him' if he does not comply. Mark knows that school staff have hit students before, so he reluctantly allows her to look in his mouth and touch the inside with tools. Celestine is charged with battery, and argues that she has the defence of consent because Mark allowed her to do what she did. Will this defence succeed?

 

22 / 50

Rape is a crime of basic intent. True or false?

 

23 / 50

Roger intentionally damages a piece of government property (a coal-burning oven) while protesting climate change. When charged with criminal damage, he argues he has lawful excuse, because climate change is destroying the planet and he needs to draw attention to the issue. Will this defence succeed?

 

24 / 50

The defendant borrows the victim's wedding ring, and loans it to a pawn store. He intends to pay the loan off and get the ring back, at which point he will return it. Is it possible to convict the defendant of theft?

25 / 50

For the purposes of theft, can a defendant be convicted for stealing property he owns?

 

26 / 50

Is duress a defence to murder?

27 / 50

Does a defendant who borrows an object intend to permanently deprive the owner?

 

28 / 50

What three elements must the defendant show to establish loss of control?

29 / 50

In which two scenarios is the defendant's intoxication relevant to his guilt for an offence?

30 / 50

For the purposes of blackmail, what is 'menaces'?

31 / 50

In which two scenarios will an act of a third-party in bringing about a proscribed consequence break the chain of causation between the defendant's acts or omissions and the consequence?

32 / 50

Can an adult be convicted of being an accessory to a crime committed by a child under the age of criminal responsibility?

 

33 / 50

What four elements does the prosecution need to show to establish gross negligence manslaughter?

34 / 50

A person is accused of fraud by abuse of position. What position must the prosecution demonstrate the person occupied to establish the offence?

35 / 50

Leo is trying to escape a burning building. The only way out is up a ladder, but that ladder is being blocked by Gareth. Gareth is frozen in fear and cannot move out of the way to let Leo pass, nor can he move up the ladder. Because they will both die if Leo does nothing, Leo pulls Gareth off the ladder, causing him to fall to his death. He is later charged with Gareth's murder. Is the defence of necessity available to him?

 

36 / 50

To establish the mens rea of burglary, the prosecution must show that:

37 / 50

Battery is a crime of basic intent. True or false?

 

38 / 50

When is a defendant dishonest?

39 / 50

Harold goes to Ricardo's house, and explains that he is showing men how to check for testicular cancer. Ricardo accepts a demonstration, and during this demonstration, Harold touches Ricardo's leg. In reality, Harold is merely trying to prank Ricardo. When Harold is charged with battery, he argues that Ricardo consented to the touching. Is Ricardo's consent a defence?

 

40 / 50

Liza purchases a car from Ricky, not realising or suspecting that it is stolen. Has she 'appropriated' the car?

 

41 / 50

Michael threatens Adrian that he will reveal sensitive information if Adrian does not have sex with him. Has Michael committed blackmail?

42 / 50

What four elements must the prosecution prove to establish assault by penetration?

43 / 50

What two elements must the prosecution establish to convict a defendant of an offence under section 20 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861?

44 / 50

Emmy stabs at Ricky with a blunt kitchen knife. The attack tears the top layer of Ricky's skin off and causes horrific bruising. Has Emmy wounded Ricky?

 

45 / 50

Which of the following would be classed as actual bodily harm?

46 / 50

Can a pure opinion be a representation for the purposes of fraud?

 

47 / 50

People are under a duty to retreat rather than use force in self-defence is they are able. True or false?

 

48 / 50

Assault is a crime of specific intent. True or false?

 

49 / 50

What three elements must the prosecution prove to establish rape?

50 / 50

Josephine commits a crime involuntarily because of a hyperglycemic episode. Which defence would you advise her to rely on?

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Criminal Law Mind Maps

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If you are a visual learner, these free printable mind-maps are a great way of learning and remembering the key principles of criminal law. If you want them on a poster in large sizes, you can also purchase these online at the official Ipsa Loquitur Zazzle store.