Criminal Law Revision


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Criminal Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of criminal law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Criminal Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.


1 / 50

What two things must a person be able to do to consent to a sexual act?

2 / 50

Which of the following would be classed as actual bodily harm?

3 / 50

When is a defendant dishonest?

4 / 50

What are the two elements of the defence of insanity?

5 / 50

In which two scenarios will an act of the victim in bringing about a proscribed consequence break the chain of causation between the defendant's acts or omissions and the consequence?

6 / 50

Patrick teaches a form of high-speed, high intensity dancing. There is a known risk that dancers may be injured during these dances. During a dance, Yula accidentally kicks Patrick in the chest, causing a rib to break. She is charged with an offence under section 20 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861. Can she rely on the defence of consent?


7 / 50

Can a defendant be convicted of destroying or damaging property with intent to endanger life if no-one's life is actually endangered?


8 / 50

Lacy burns down a house for insurance money, knowing that Eric is inside, handcuffed to a bed and unable to escape. She claims she did not want Eric dead. However, she says she thought that it was very likely that he would die, as she cannot remember whether the key to the handcuffs was left close enough for Eric to reach. Did Lacey intend to kill Eric?


9 / 50

Alfred is a doctor treating Zin, a comatose patient. He turns off her life support machine, and she dies due an inability to breathe unassisted. Has Alfred killed Zin by an act or an omission?

10 / 50

For the purposes of the offence of threats to destroy or damage property, must the victim interpret the defendants actions as a threat?


11 / 50

A person is accused of fraud by abuse of position. What position must the prosecution demonstrate the person occupied to establish the offence?

12 / 50

For the purposes of theft, is there an appropriation if as part of the appropriating act the defendant acquires indefeasible property in the object?


13 / 50

Theresa enters Richard's house, intending to steal his jewellery. Once inside, she becomes concerned that Richard may still be in the building so she picks up a knife from the kitchen. Should Theresa be charged with ordinary burglary or aggravated burglary?

14 / 50

When establishing the offence of blackmail, the prosecution must show that:

15 / 50

When is a person legally considered dead?

16 / 50

For the purposes of the offence of possessing articles for fraud, the defendant does not need to physically possess the article. True or false?


17 / 50

For the purposes of the defence of insanity, a disease of the mind may be caused by any internal or external trigger. True or false?


18 / 50

Paul knowingly makes a statement to Joanne, attempting to get Joanne to give him money. The statement is true and Paul believes it is true, but later it becomes false and he discovers this. Joanne hands over the money after Paul has discovered the fact is now false. Has Paul committed fraud by false representation?


19 / 50

For the purposes of gross negligence manslaughter, what facts may the jury take into account when determining whether there was an obvious and serious risk of death?

20 / 50

What must the prosecution show to establish unlawful act manslaughter?

21 / 50

Harold is arrested when he is found in possession of a strange package. He is asked whether there are drugs inside, and he answers 'yes'. The package turns out to be full of coriander, because Harold's roommate Claude stole all the drugs and replaced them with herbs before the arrest. Was Harold's state of mind one of knowledge or belief?


22 / 50

In which two scenarios will an act of a third-party in bringing about a proscribed consequence break the chain of causation between the defendant's acts or omissions and the consequence?

23 / 50

Can the defence of self-defence be relied on if the defendant provoked the victim to attack?

24 / 50

What four elements must the prosecution prove to establish sexual assault?

25 / 50

People are under a duty to retreat rather than use force in self-defence is they are able. True or false?


26 / 50

Which two are qualifying triggers for the loss of control defence?

27 / 50

Camilla wants to kill her partner, Adrian. She deliberately winds them up, knowing that it will cause them to become violent. When Adrian become violent, Camilla draws a knife and stabs them. Camilla tells police that Adrian is normally very seriously violent when they start a fight. Does Camilla have a qualifying trigger for when she tries to establish the defence of loss of control?


28 / 50

Lucy, Theo and Marius were trapped in a sinking ship. To buy time pending the arrival of a rescue vessel, Lucy threw Theo overboard. Theo drowned. Lucy has been charged with murdering Theo. She proves that if she did not kill Theo, the ship would have sunk and she and Marius would have died. Can she rely on the defence of necessity?


29 / 50

Can a drunk person consent to a sexual act?

30 / 50

Section 18 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 is a crime of basic intent. True or false?


31 / 50

What is the mens rea of criminal damage?

32 / 50

What three elements must be shown to establish the defence of necessity?

33 / 50

Can an offence of strict liability form the basis of constructive manslaughter?


34 / 50

A defendant is on trial for murder. They are relying on the defence of loss of control. Part of the reason they killed the victim is that they discovered the victim was cheating on them. Can the jury take this into account?

35 / 50

The actus reus and mens rea of an offence do not need to coincide. True or false?


36 / 50

What is grievous bodily harm?

37 / 50

What must the prosecution demonstrate to show one of the sexual offences against children under 13?

38 / 50

For the purposes of theft, is it possible to appropriate an object without acquiring control over it or physically interacting with it?


39 / 50

Liza purchases a car from Ricky, not realising or suspecting that it is stolen. Has she 'appropriated' the car?


40 / 50

In which of the following three scenarios does the defendant owe a duty to act?

41 / 50

When establishing self-defence or defence of others, can the defendant rely on any mistaken beliefs as to the circumstances that are the result of his being voluntarily intoxicated?


42 / 50

Josephine commits a crime involuntarily because of a hyperglycemic episode. Which defence would you advise her to rely on?

43 / 50

In which of the following situations is consent to a sex act irrebuttably presumed to be absent? (Two answers)

44 / 50

Marcus steals a car from Robert, who later manages to recover it. It is stolen again by Yula. Yula is caught immediately and charged with handling stolen goods, but her lawyer argues that the goods are no longer stolen. Will this argument succeed?

45 / 50

The defendant dishonestly tricks the victim into writing him a cheque. The defendant provided consideration. The defendant has taken the cheque but not cashed it. What has the defendant stolen?

46 / 50

Section 20 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 is a crime of specific intent. True or false?


47 / 50

Can a pure opinion be a representation for the purposes of fraud?


48 / 50

Laura has severe depression. Peter makes fun of her, telling her if she is so depressed she should go kill herself. She has a fit of anger and kills him. At trial for murder, she relies on the defence of loss of control. Can the jury take into account her depression when assessing whether the defence is established?

49 / 50

Roger intentionally damages a piece of government property (a coal-burning oven) while protesting climate change. When charged with criminal damage, he argues he has lawful excuse, because climate change is destroying the planet and he needs to draw attention to the issue. Will this defence succeed?


50 / 50

Roger learns that his brother Richard is being deported. He knows that the moment Richard lands in his home country, he will be murdered by corrupt government officials. Roger intentionally damages the plane that was set to deport Richard, giving Richard time to succeed in his asylum appeal. When charged with criminal damage, Roger argues he has lawful excuse, the government was acting in breach of international law by deporting Richard. Will this argument succeed?


Your score is

Criminal Law Mind Maps

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If you are a visual learner, these free printable mind-maps are a great way of learning and remembering the key principles of criminal law. If you want them on a poster in large sizes, you can also purchase these online at the official Ipsa Loquitur Zazzle store.