Criminal Law Revision

CRIMINAL LAW

Criminal law revision, prison bars

Condition Defences

Insanity

Automatism

Other Defences

Infancy


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Criminal Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of criminal law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Criminal Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.

 

1 / 50

The prosecution are trying to establish unlawful act manslaughter against a defendant who burned down a shed. While the defendant admits to committing the unlawful act, they convince the jury that a reasonable person would have thought the shed was empty. Are the prosecution likely to succeed?

 

2 / 50

Theresa enters Richard's house, intending to steal his jewellery. Once inside, she becomes concerned that Richard may still be in the building so she picks up a knife from the kitchen. Should Theresa be charged with ordinary burglary or aggravated burglary?

3 / 50

Can an adult be convicted of being an accessory to a crime committed by a child under the age of criminal responsibility?

 

4 / 50

Which of the following would be classed as actual bodily harm?

5 / 50

Harold decides to steal from Richard's house. He is let into the building by Richard's daughter Yula, who is in love with him. Yula lives in the house, but does not own or occupy it. Can Harold be convicted of burglary?

6 / 50

Harley is drunk, which leads her to believe that Arthur was signalling consent to sex with his body language. Arthur is not in fact consenting, but does not resist as he is afraid of Harley. When charged under section 4 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003, Harley argues that she had a reasonable belief in consent. Can her drunk state be taken into account?

 

7 / 50

The defendant borrows the victim's month-long movie pass, intending to give it back after it has expired. Is is possible to convict the defendant of theft?

8 / 50

The defendant dishonestly tricks the victim into writing him a cheque. The defendant provided consideration. The defendant has taken the cheque but not cashed it. What has the defendant stolen?

9 / 50

Celestine is driving when she feels the onset of a hypoglycemic episode. She is not able to pull over in time before the episode starts. She is barely in control of her body, but is able to move the steering wheel a little and as a result is able to avoid hitting pedestrians. She eventually collides with a tree. Can Celestine rely on the defence of automatism in relation to any criminal offence she is charged with?

10 / 50

Lacy burns down a house for insurance money, knowing that Eric is inside, tied to a bed and unable to escape. She claims she did not want Eric dead, but she knew he would certainly die and did not care enough to untie him first. Did Lacey intend to kill Eric?

 

11 / 50

Insanity is not a defence to an offence of negligence or strict liability. True or false?

 

12 / 50

For the prosecution to prove robbery, must there be an assault?

 

13 / 50

Theresa is a primary school teacher, and smacks a student when she misbehaves. It does not leave any marks or cause any harm. Theresa is charged with battery. She argues that she was engaging in reasonable chastisement. Is this a defence to this offence?

 

14 / 50

Section 18 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 is a crime of basic intent. True or false?

 

15 / 50

The defendant borrows the victim's wedding ring, and loans it to a pawn store. He intends to pay the loan off and get the ring back, at which point he will return it. Is it possible to convict the defendant of theft?

16 / 50

Section 20 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861 is a crime of specific intent. True or false?

 

17 / 50

Jessie and James plan to kill Ash. Jessie provides the weapon, and James does the deed. However, at trial James is found innocent by reason of insanity. Can Jessie be convicted as an accessory to murder?

 

18 / 50

What are the three elements of the defence of duress?

19 / 50

Can an offence of strict liability form the basis of constructive manslaughter?

 

20 / 50

When determining whether a sober and reasonable person would have succumbed to a duress, what characteristics of the defendant is the hypothetical person given?

21 / 50

What three elements must be shown to establish the defence of necessity?

22 / 50

What four elements does the prosecution need to show to establish gross negligence manslaughter?

23 / 50

What three elements must the defendant show to establish loss of control?

24 / 50

What is the mens rea of criminal damage?

25 / 50

Josephine commits a crime involuntarily because of a hyperglycemic episode. Which defence would you advise her to rely on?

26 / 50

For the purposes of gross negligence manslaughter, what factors are relevant to determining whether the negligence was gross?

27 / 50

Omar takes prescription medicine for depression. One day, he has a rare reaction to the medicine which causes him to involuntarily commit a criminal offence. The prosecution argue that he cannot rely on the defence of automatism, because he voluntarily took the medicine which caused the automatism. Will this argument succeed?

 

28 / 50

What two things must a person be able to do to consent to a sexual act?

29 / 50

Does a defendant who borrows an object intend to permanently deprive the owner?

 

30 / 50

What four elements must the prosecution prove to establish sexual assault?

31 / 50

Chip learns that his husband Frederick is no longer in love with him. When confronted, Frederick calmly explains that Chip has not done anything wrong, they just drifted apart. Chip responds by shooting him dead in a fit of anger. At trial for murder, he argues that he lost control in response to circumstances of an extremely grave character that caused him to feel justifiably and seriously wronged. Is he likely to establish a qualifying trigger for the loss of control defence?

 

32 / 50

Can the defence of self-defence be relied on if the defendant provoked the victim to attack?

33 / 50

Jessie knows that Ash is a serial killer. She hopes to get her own back on her brother James, and encourages Ash to kill James when he next goes hunting. Ash agrees. One night, Ash coincidentally encounters James, but does not recognise him. Ash murders James. Can Jessie be convicted as an accessory to James' murder?

 

34 / 50

Can the defence of self-defence be relied on where the force is used pre-emptively?

35 / 50

Rape is a crime of basic intent. True or false?

 

36 / 50

Patrick teaches a form of high-speed, high intensity dancing. There is a known risk that dancers may be injured during these dances. During a dance, Yula accidentally kicks Patrick in the chest, causing a rib to break. She is charged with an offence under section 20 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861. Can she rely on the defence of consent?

 

37 / 50

Daphne is a doctor who is treating Gillian for a terminal disease. Gillian is in considerable pain and asks for morphine. Daphne agrees and gives him a dose which causes him to die several days before he would otherwise. When questioned by police, she did what she did because she thought it would be better if Gillian died, given he was in so much pain. Has Daphne committed murder?

38 / 50

Harley has vaginal sex with Arthur. She knows that he is not consenting. Which offence has Harley committed?

 

39 / 50

Murder is a crime of specific intent. True or false?

 

40 / 50

To convict a defendant of 'procuring' an offence, the prosecution must prove that the defendant caused the offence to happen. True or false?

 

41 / 50

What is grievous bodily harm?

42 / 50

Which of the following three structures could constitute a building for the purposes of the burglary offence?

43 / 50

People are under a duty to retreat rather than use force in self-defence is they are able. True or false?

 

44 / 50

Amanda and Kevin are both 12 years old, but Amanda tells Kevin she is 16 and Kevin believes her. Amanda tells Kevin she would like to have sex with him, and he agrees. They have sex. Has Kevin committed rape of a child under 13?

45 / 50

For the purposes of the Theft Act offences, when is a piece of property 'appropriated'?

46 / 50

Caleb is a prison officer who works transferring violent and unstable prisoners between institutions. During one transfer, one of the prisoners, Dale, commits battery against Caleb. At trial, Dale argues that Caleb consented to the touching since he knew the risks involved in the job and took that risk. Will Dale's consent defence succeed?

 

47 / 50

Is the defence of necessity available to an offence of strict liability?

 

48 / 50

Yulia shoots Mia in the abdomen, causing Mia to miscarry her child. Yulia intended to kill Mia. Has Yulia committed murder against the baby?

 

49 / 50

Harley and Arthur are having sex. After vaginal penetration, Harley decides she wants to stop and tells Arthur to stop. Arthur does not stop, and later argues that what he did was not rape because Harley consented to the initial penetration. Is this argument correct?

 

50 / 50

To be convicted of attempting to commit an offence, what mens rea must the defendant have?

 

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