Tort Law Revision


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Tort Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of tort law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Tort Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.


1 / 50

What 4 conditions must be met before the defendant is deemed to have 'assumed responsibility' for the claimant's pure economic loss (and therefore owe the claimant a duty of care)?

2 / 50

For the purposes of occupier's liability, who is a visitor?

3 / 50

What are the 'trio of considerations' when establishing the defence of illegality?

4 / 50

If a risk is well-known to and accepted by the public, can it constitute a defect for the purposes of the Consumer Protection Act 1987?


5 / 50

Can something which is inherent in how the product operates constitute a defect for the purposes of the Consumer Protection Act 1987?

6 / 50

What is the consequence of proving contributory negligence?

7 / 50

To what standard is a professional or person with special skills held to in negligence?

8 / 50

What is the purpose of damages in tort?

9 / 50

When is a child competent to give consent to an action which would otherwise constitute a personal interference tort?

10 / 50

When does a person breach their duty of care?

11 / 50

For the purposes of the defences to the Consumer Protection Act 1987, when is 'the relevant time'? (Three answers)

12 / 50

The claimant alleges that a local authority failed to exercise a statutory discretion which does not involve policy considerations, and caused them harm. When does the local authority owe them a duty of care in this scenario?

13 / 50

When do fire and ambulance services owe a duty to people who request their aid? (Two answers)

14 / 50

Are restitutionary damages ever available in tort?

15 / 50

Who can bring an action for public nuisance? (Two answers)

16 / 50

Which test applies when determining whether there is a duty of care in non-novel cases?

17 / 50

What type of harm must a primary or consequential victim of psychiatric harm in negligence show was foreseeable to establish that their loss was not too remote?

18 / 50

Does the claimant need to be aware they are being detained to establish the tort of false imprisonment?

19 / 50

To establish the tort of battery, what three elements must the claimant show?

20 / 50

When is a product 'standard' for the purposes of the Consumer Protection Act 1987?

21 / 50

How does the occupier's duty change, if at all, if the visitor is a child?

22 / 50

Can liability be excluded for a breach of the Consumer Protection Act 1987?

23 / 50

When determining whether the defence of contributory negligence is available, what is the relevance of the claimant being a child?

24 / 50

In the context of contributory negligence, what does it mean to say that the claimant contributed to the occurrence of the loss or its extent? (Three answers)

25 / 50

The claimant alleges that the practical manner in which the local authority implemented a decision harmed them. When will a duty of care be owed by the local authority?

26 / 50

If the defendant owes the claimant a duty to inform them as to the risks involved in an activity, what risks must the defendant tell the claimant of to fulfil the duty?

27 / 50

When will an act of a third party break the chain of legal causation?

28 / 50

Where the claimant is a rescuer, what must the defendant show to establish he did not take due care?

29 / 50

The defendant is being sued for breach of the rule in Rylands v Fletcher. The escape was caused by the deliberate act of a third party. Is the defendant liable?

30 / 50

Which case is authority for the proposition that there is no general liability for omissions in English law?

31 / 50

If a claimant succeeds in establishing a tort and is awarded contemptuous damages, the defendant must pay their costs. True or false?


32 / 50

In what three situations will the courts label touching as 'hostile' for the purposes of the tort of battery?

33 / 50

What must be shown to establish public nuisance?

34 / 50

If the claimant's chances of negotiating their way out of an economic loss have been reduced from 48% to 21% by the defendant's negligence, can they establish factual causation?


35 / 50

What are the four matters the claimant must show to establish the rule in Rylands v Fletcher?

36 / 50

If the claimant is a secondary victim, when will the courts presume that they shared a close tie of love and affection with someone injured in the event? (3 answers)

37 / 50

What three matters must the claimant establish to show that the defendant has committed private nuisance against them?

38 / 50

When will the defendant be liable for the tort of false imprisonment as a primary defendant (not vicariously) where the detention was imposed by a third-party?

39 / 50

Can liability be excluded for a breach of the Occupiers Liability Act 1984?

40 / 50

For the purposes of the tort of false imprisonment, in which of these scenarios is the claimant 'detained'?

41 / 50

What three matters must the claimant prove to establish the tort of intentional infliction of harm?

42 / 50

What kinds of damage cannot be recovered using a claim under the Consumer Protection Act 1987?

43 / 50

If a risk arising from land is obvious, what must the occupier do to warn visitors to discharge their duty of care under the Occupiers Liability act 1957?

44 / 50

When determining if the defence of self-defence or defence of others applies in tort, what facts may be taken into account to judge whether the force was necessary?

45 / 50

The claimant has sued the defendant for false imprisonment. They claim that they initially consented to the detention, but later withdrew their consent. The defendant shows that it would be very costly and inconvenient to put this withdrawal of consent into effect. Is the defendant liable for false imprisonment?


46 / 50

The claimant alleges that a local authority harmed them by making or failing to make a decision involving the exercise of discretion with policy considerations. When will the local authority owe a duty of care in this case?

47 / 50

According to the Bolam test, when will a professional defendant not be in breach of their duty in negligence?

48 / 50

What factors indicate that there is a relationship 'akin to employment' between the defendant and primary tortfeasor for the purposes of vicarious liability?

49 / 50

Which two elements must be demonstrated to show that there is a 'close connection' between the tort and the defendant's relationship with the primary tortfeasor for the purposes of vicarious liability?

50 / 50

What three factors indicate that damages in lieu of an injunction should be granted in an injunction claim?

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