Tort Law Revision


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Tort Law Quiz

Test yourself on the principles of tort law.

This quiz selects 50 random questions from the Ipsa Loquitur Tort Law question bank, so the quiz will be different each time you take it. To take all the questions on a particular subject, visit that subject's revision page.


1 / 50

When is an adult competent to give consent to an action which would otherwise constitute a personal interference tort?

2 / 50

When do fire and ambulance services owe a duty to people who request their aid? (Two answers)

3 / 50

Can a defendant rely on the defence of volenti non fit injuria if the claimant understood the risk but was disinhibited by drugs or drink?


4 / 50

What factors are relevant to whether a product is defective for the purposes of the Consumer Protection Act 1987? (Five answers)

5 / 50

In the context of contributory negligence, what does it mean to say that the claimant contributed to the occurrence of the loss or its extent? (Three answers)

6 / 50

What is the consequence of proving contributory negligence?

7 / 50

What factors are relevant to whether the claimant waived liability for risk for the purposes of volenti non fit injuria? (Five answers)

8 / 50

What five matters must the claimant prove to show that the defendant owes them a non-delegable duty of care?

9 / 50

What type of defendant is primarily strictly liable for harms caused by defective products? (Three answers)

10 / 50

If a risk is well-known to and accepted by the public, can it constitute a defect for the purposes of the Consumer Protection Act 1987?


11 / 50

Do local authorities owe citizens a duty to warn them that they are in danger?


12 / 50

What state of mind must the defendant possess before a claimant can establish the tort of false imprisonment?

13 / 50

If the defendant owes the claimant a duty to inform them as to the risks involved in an activity, what risks must the defendant tell the claimant of to fulfil the duty?

14 / 50

When is an exclusion notice relating to economic loss or property damage invalid under the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977?

15 / 50

What is the purpose of damages in tort?

16 / 50

You are dealing with a claim where the defendant has attempted to exclude liability against their employees for negligence. Which Act determines whether the notice is valid?

17 / 50

You are dealing with a claim where the defendant has attempted to exclude liability against another business for negligence. Which Act determines whether the notice is valid?

18 / 50

An occupier of land has put up a sign warning pedestrians that a bridge is dangerous and they should not use it. A visitor reads the sign but crosses the bridge because it is his only route home, and is injured as a result. Is the occupier liable under the Occupiers Liability Act 1957?

19 / 50

When is the manner in which the harm was caused relevant to remoteness of damage?

20 / 50

There is a presumption that a breach of health and safety statutes give rise to a separate action for breach of statutory duty. True or false?

21 / 50

If a risk arising from land is obvious, what must the occupier do to warn visitors to discharge their duty of care under the Occupiers Liability act 1957?

22 / 50

Can a person sue in private nuisance if they do not have a property interest in affected land?


23 / 50

Do police owe a duty to protect the confidentiality of informants?


24 / 50

What is the effect of establishing the defence of volenti non fit injuria?

25 / 50

A member of the public has the power to enact a citizen's arrest for any offence. True or false?


26 / 50

What duty of care is owed by occupiers to their visitors?

27 / 50

What must the claimant who is a trespasser show to demonstrate that a duty is owed to them under the Occupiers Liability Act 1984? (Three answers)

28 / 50

How does a claimant establish factual causation in tort?

29 / 50

When will an act of a third party break the chain of legal causation?

30 / 50

Which case is authority for the proposition that there is no general liability for omissions in English law?

31 / 50

Are occupiers liable to visitors for harms arising from activities performed on their land?

32 / 50

If the claimant's chances of negotiating their way out of an economic loss have been reduced from 48% to 21% by the defendant's negligence, can they establish factual causation?


33 / 50

When determining whether the defence of contributory negligence is available, what is the relevance of the claimant being a child?

34 / 50

What type of harm must a primary or consequential victim of psychiatric harm in negligence show was foreseeable to establish that their loss was not too remote?

35 / 50

The standard of care in negligence lowered for learners, trainees or the inexperienced. True or false?


36 / 50

What four things must a secondary victim establish to show that the defendant owes them a duty of care to avoid causing psychiatric harm?

37 / 50

The police may normally rely on their powers of arrest and stops as a defence to a personal interference tort claim. When is this not the case?

38 / 50

Which two elements must be demonstrated to show that there is a 'close connection' between the tort and the defendant's relationship with the primary tortfeasor for the purposes of vicarious liability?

39 / 50

What must be shown for a statutory duty to give rise to a separate action for breach of statutory duty?

40 / 50

For the purposes of occupier's liability, who is a visitor?

41 / 50

Is a latent defect in a building or property pure economic loss?

42 / 50

Polly runs over Gareth in her car, instantly putting him in a coma. As part of his damages for a successful negligence claim, can Gareth claim compensation for pain and suffering?


43 / 50

The defendant performed surgery on the claimant. They first informed the claimant about the nature and purpose of the surgery, but did not inform them of serious risks of injury involved. The claimant agreed to the surgery. The claimant then sues the defendant in the tort of battery, claiming that they did not give valid consent. Is the claimant correct?


44 / 50

When will an occupier not be liable for dangers created by an independent contractor on their land?

45 / 50

What does unforeseeable mean for the purposes of legal causation in negligence?

46 / 50

What are the 'trio of considerations' when establishing the defence of illegality?

47 / 50

The claimant alleges that a local authority harmed them by making or failing to make a decision involving the exercise of discretion with policy considerations. When will the local authority owe a duty of care in this case?

48 / 50

When determining if the defence of self-defence or defence of others applies in tort, what facts may be taken into account to judge whether the force was necessary?

49 / 50

In what three scenarios are exemplary damages available in tort?

50 / 50

What standard of care is imposed on children in the tort of negligence?

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